the official website of Obubra Development Union



Obubra is a mono-cultural group of people mostly of Mbembe descent.

According to the widely disputed result of the 2006 national population census put the population of Obubra local government area 172,543, with 87,153 males and 85,390 females.

Obubra LGA sits on a total area of 1,115 square kilometers and has an average temperature of 25 degrees centigrade. The LGA is well forested and has an average humidity level of 70 percent. The LGA witnesses two major seasons which are the dry and the rainy seasons with the rainy seasons in the area usually characterized by heavy and incessant showers.

The Isobo and Mbembe languages are among those spoken in Obubra LGA while the religion of Christianity is widely practiced in the area. A number of colorful festivals are held in Obubra LGA and these include the Otaba and Owakande festivals while the notable landmarks in the LGA include the NYSC permanent orientation camp and the IBB college of Agriculture.

The Mbembe language is spoken by about 80,000 people in the Obubra Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria. It is a Benue-Congo language of the Eastern subgroup of Cross River languages. There are five major dialects of the language, namely,

  1. Adun
  2. Okum
  3. Osopong
  4. Ofombonga
  5. Ofonokpan.

These dialects are spoken as follows: Adun dialect is spoken in the villages of Ofat, Ofodua, Onyadama, Ovonum, Ababene, Oderega, Ofukwa, Arobom and Obibem Ofatura and Oraanga. Ofombonga dialect is spoken in three villages on the Southern bank of the Cross River near Obubra. The largest of these villages is Ofombonga No. 4. Okum dialect has some sub-dialects, which are listed in this dictionary under the following headings: Okum A spoken in Apiapum, Iyamayong, Okomoritet and Iyamtet. Okum H spoken in Ohana, Ochong, Isabang and Ogambang. Okum NY spoken in Onyen. Osopong dialect is divided into; Southern Osopong, spoken in villages South of the Cross River, and Northern Osopong, spoken in villages North of the Cross River. Apiapum Eja is the largest of the Northern Osopong villages. The differences between the Southern and Northern forms of Osopong dialect are small. Ofonokpan dialect is spoken in villages on the North bank of the Cross River, East of the Bansara Creek. It is also spoken in the village known as Ofombonga No. 3, near Obubra.

In addition, there is another dialect spoken in the villages of Oferekpe and Ahaha. Although there are differences in the sounds, and vocabulary, and grammar of these dialects, speakers can usually understand each other well. The same way of writing can be used in writing all the dialects. 4 The largest and linguistically most central dialect is Adun. In this dictionary, words are listed under the form in which they occur in Adun dialect.

The life of the people is largely determined by the prevailing environmental condition in which they have found themselves. Thus, as a basically agrarian society, the people are simple, unassuming and accommodating and live a life of relative contentment.

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